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XHTML vs HTML ?

Davidwatson

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Hey guys,

Simple question for you tag geniuses, what's the real difference between XHTML and HTML (apart from the X of course). I need to get this right so anyone with links or info explaining this would be awesome!
 
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Brianvoges

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XML syntax rules are far more rigorous than HTML. As a result, XHTML makes authors work more precisely, having to address issues such as:

  • all elements and attribute names must appear in lower case
  • all attribute values must be quoted
  • non-Empty Elements require a closing tag
  • empty elements are terminated using a space and a trailing slash
  • no attribute minimization is allowed
  • in strict XHTML, all inline elements must be contained in a block element
 

johnbrent

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- XHTML is more choosy than HTML—there are some elements that absolutely must appear in the XHTML markup, but which may be omitted if you’re using HTML 4 and earlier versions. These elements include the html, head, and body elements (although why you’d want to omit any of them is a mystery to me). In addition, every element you use in XHTML must have both an opening and closing tag (for example, you’d write <p>This is a paragraph</p> in XHTML, but <p>This is all you need in HTML, as no end tag is required).

- XHTML allows us to indicate any element as being empty—for example, an empty paragraph can be expressed as <p/>—but this isn’t valid when the page is served as text/html. To that end, you should restrict your use of this syntax to elements that are defined to be empty in the HTML specifications.

- In XHTML, all tags must be written in lowercase. In HTML, you can use capital letters for elements, lowercase letters for attributes, etc.

- In XHTML, all attributes must be expressed in attribute-name and attribute-value parings with quote marks surrounding the attribute value part, like so: class="fuzzy".
 

Ajax Hill

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I'll recommend XHTML, because it is easy to learn, because it is blinded in the limitations of rules and practicing XHTML will make you also very expert while you'll use xml.
 

VirtualGlobalPhone

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XHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) is a family of XML markup languages that mirror or extend versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which web pages are written. Extended version of HTML that is stricter and XML-based.

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@intuitionsoftech

Consider this as Waring do not put copyrighted material as your answer. Please read the rules of the forum. You have simply copied from XHTML - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and pasted here.

If found again we may have to audit all your post and may take strict action.
 

Jack Ramon

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HTML, is an application of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) and allows an author to omit certain tags and use attribute minimization.

XHTML, is an application of XML (Extensible Markup Language) that doesn’t permit the omission of any tags or the use of attribute minimization. However, it provides a shorthand notation for empty elements—for example, we could use <br/> instead of <br></br>—which HTML does not.
 

Shreya Surana

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Hey guys,

Simple question for you tag geniuses, what's the real difference between XHTML and HTML (apart from the X of course). I need to get this right so anyone with links or info explaining this would be awesome!
HTML and XHTML are both languages in which web pages are written. HTML is SGML-based while XHTML is XML-based. They are like two sides of the same coin. XHTML was derived from HTML to conform to XML standards. Hence XHTML is strict when compared to HTML and does not allow user to get away with lapses in coding and structure.

The reason for XHTML to be developed was convoluted browser specific tags. Pages coded in HTML appeared different in different browsers.
 

kvchosting

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Enterprise SSD Hosting - Unlimited, Reseller, SEO, VPS , Business and Dedicated
HTML is an abbreviation for HyperText Markup Language. HTML was designed to display data with focus on how data looks. XML was designed to be a software and hardware independent tool used to transport and store data, with focus on what data is. XML provides a framework for defining markup languages
 
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